Globalization and Global Justice
by Thom Brooks
Globalization is shrinking distances and bringing people around the world
into closer contact. International rules and institutions are expanding rapidly.
Does the fact that the world is becoming more interconnected change individuals'
and institutions' duties to people beyond borders? Does globalization alone
create any ethical obligations? How does globalization matter for global justice?
These questions raise fundamental issues overlooked by standard theories
about global justice. Too often, our understanding of global justice is shaped by
a non-globalized world. International politics is conceived as a sphere of states
engaging each other as largely self-contained entities. This approach fails to
capture the important changes that contemporary globalization has brought and
the impact it has had. While some degree of globalization has existed for some
time, it has never done so before on its current scale and reach. Global justice
cannot be only about the relations of "us" and "them," but instead must consider
the crucial role the international order can and does play that links us all together
in a myriad of ways.